Other Types Of Hernia
Other types of hernia that can affect the tummy include:
- incisional hernias where tissue pokes through a surgical wound in your tummy that has not fully healed
- epigastric hernias where fatty tissue pokes through your tummy, between your belly button and the lower part of your breastbone
- spigelian hernias where part of your bowel pokes through your tummy at the side of your abdominal muscle, below your belly button
- diaphragmatic hernias where organs in your tummy move into your chest through an opening in the diaphragm this can also affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly in the womb
- muscle hernias where part of a muscle pokes through your tummy they also occur in leg muscles as the result of a sports injury
How Doctors Diagnose Umbilical Hernias
A doctor will perform a physical exam to determine if an infant or adult has an umbilical hernia. The doctor will see if the hernia can be pushed back into the abdominal cavity or if it is trapped in its place . An incarcerated hernia is a potentially serious complication because the trapped part of the herniated contents may become deprived of a blood supply . This can cause permanent tissue damage.
Your doctor may take an X-ray or perform an ultrasound on the abdominal area to ensure that there are no complications. They may also order blood tests to look for infection or ischemia, especially if the intestine is incarcerated or strangulated.
Treatment For Umbilical Hernia In Cats
The solution of umbilical hernias in cats is usually a surgical intervention, especially in urgent cases due to strangulation. In these cases, the hernia can suddenly grow very large and the above clinical signs can be observed.
In small hernias without symptoms, observation and monitoring is usually sufficient. As long as the abdominal organs are not compromised, the cat can usually live a normal life. In kittens with non-symptomatic or strangulated umbilical hernia, it is possible the veterinarian wait until they are at the right age to be neutered, in which case they can perform sterilization and removal of the hernia at the same time. In doing so, they reduce stress to the young cat.
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What Causes Umbilical Hernias
An umbilical hernia occurs when the opening in the abdominal muscle that allows the umbilical cord to pass through fails to close completely. Umbilical hernias are most common in babies, but they can also occur in adults.
African-American babies, premature babies, and babies born at a low birth weight are at an even higher risk of developing an umbilical hernia. There is no difference in occurrence between boys and girls, according to Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Center.
An umbilical hernia in adults usually occurs when too much pressure is put on a weak section of the abdominal muscles. Potential causes include:
- having a persistent, heavy cough
Root Causes Of Persistent Lower Pain In The Back
Pain is taken into consideration persistent once it lasts for more than 3 months and also surpasses the bodys all-natural healing procedure. Persistent pain in the low back commonly involves a disc issue, a joint issue, and/or an irritated nerve origin. Typical causes include:
Back herniated disc. The jelly-like facility of a back disc can appear the tough outer layer as well as aggravate a nearby nerve root. The herniated portion of the disc has lots of healthy proteins that cause inflammation when they reach a nerve root, as well as inflammation, in addition to nerve compression, cause nerve root pain. The disc wall surface is likewise highly provided by nerve fibers, and also a tear through the wall surface can create serious pain.
Degenerative disc condition. At birth, intervertebral discs contain water and at their healthiest. As people age in time, discs shed hydration and also wear down. As the disc loses hydration, it can not resist pressures too, as well as transfers force to the disc wall that may establish tears and also create pain or weakening that can result in a herniation. The disc can likewise fall down as well as add to stenosis.
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What Are The Symptoms Or Signs Of An Umbilical Hernia
Umbilical hernias are not always obvious, and its possible youve been living with one for a while. However, umbilical hernias can threaten your overall health when complications occur. If you notice a bulge in your belly button when you cough, bend or lift objects, you may have an umbilical hernia.
What is an umbilical hernia?
An umbilical hernia is a type of hernia where intra-abdominal contents protrude through a defect in the abdominal muscles where the umbilical cord once passed. Umbilical hernias are most commonly found in infants, but they can also be found in adults. In adults umbilical hernias are most common in overweight patients or in women who have given birth.
What are the symptoms of an umbilical hernia?
There are a variety of symptoms that are common with an umbilical hernia:
- A bulge in the belly button or surrounding region
- Pain at the hernia site
- Sharp abdominal pain and vomiting can mean the hernia is strangulated .
How are umbilical hernias treated?
There are two primary types of treatments for umbilical hernias: surgical treatment and non-surgical treatment. The right type of treatment is largely dependent on your age and the severity of your umbilical hernia. Your surgeon can make a recommendation for the best treatment for your needs.
Surgical treatment for umbilical hernia
Surgical treatment or surgical repair is the most common way to address umbilical hernias. There are two primary types of treatment used:
What Are Umbilical Hernia Causes In Adults
Causes of umbilical hernia in adults are:
- Being obese and overweight causes strain on an abdominal muscle.
- Weak muscles around the belly button. People with 60+ age group gets hernia cause of weakened muscles.
- Genetics. An individual having a family history of an umbilical hernia is more prone to this condition.
- Multiple pregnancies
- Abdominal cavity with excess fluid
- Abdomen surgery
- Heavy and continuous coughing.
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When Is Surgery Needed
If necessary, umbilical hernias can be treated with surgery to push the bulge back into place and strengthen the weakness in the abdominal wall.
This operation may be recommended for your child if the hernia is large or hasn’t disappeared by the time they reach 3 or 4 years old.
You’ll usually be advised to wait for your child to reach this age because the operation isn’t essential unless there are complications. The risk of your child developing complications is very low.
Surgery is recommended for most adults with an umbilical hernia because the hernia is unlikely to get better by itself when you’re older and the risk of complications is higher.
Complications that can develop as a result of an umbilical hernia include:
- obstruction where a section of the bowel becomes stuck outside the abdomen, causing nausea, vomiting and pain
- strangulation where a section of bowel becomes trapped and its blood supply is cut off this requires emergency surgery within hours to release the trapped tissue and restore its blood supply so it doesn’t die
Surgery will get rid of the hernia and prevent any serious complications, although there’s a chance of it returning after the operation.
What Is An Umbilical Hernia
The umbilical cord connects a mother and her fetus while in the womb. Babies umbilical cords pass through a small opening between their abdominal wall muscles. In most cases, the hole closes soon after birth. An umbilical hernia occurs when the abdominal wall layers dont join completely, and the intestine or other tissues from inside the abdominal cavity bulge through the weak spot around the belly button. About 20 percent of babies are born with an umbilical hernia.
Umbilical hernias are generally painless and dont cause any discomfort. About 90 percent of umbilical hernias will eventually close on their own, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. If an umbilical hernia doesnt close by the time a child is 4 years old, it will require treatment.
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Is It Possible To Prevent An Abdominal Hernia
While congenital hernias cannot be prevented, the risk of developing a hernia that occurs as life goes on can be minimized. The goal is to avoid an increase in pressure within the abdomen that could stress the weak areas in the abdominal wall.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat a healthy diet and exercise routinely to minimize the risk of constipation and straining to have a bowel movement.
- Use proper lifting techniques especially when trying to lift heavy objects. This is important to remember at work, home, and in sports.
- Stop smoking to decrease recurrent coughing.
- If a hernia develops, seek medical care to have it evaluated and potentially treated before it gets too large or becomes incarcerated.
What Are The Symptoms Of Umbilical Hernia In Adults
Umbilical hernia symptoms in adults are as listed below
- Lump near the navel area
- Pain or pressure in the navel area is felt if the hernia is large
- Lump discoloration is observed near the navel.
- Severe abdominal discomfort or constant vomiting is a hint that hernia is strangulated. Strangulated hernia means intestine is trapped in the hernia, leading to cut down of blood supply to the intestine. Such umbilical hernia condition in an adult is dangerous and immediate surgery is required.
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Symptoms Of A Spinal Hernia
The position of the affected disc, as well as the size of the herniation, will affect the symptoms that you experience, according to the AANS. The pain doesnt always stay localized to the site of the slipped disc.
The pain sometimes extends beyond your neck or lower back, too. It might radiate down your arms or down your legs, typically in the areas to which the nerve travels.
The pain might get worse after you stand up or sit down or move in a particular way. If you develop radiculopathy, the resulting pain might be mild, but it can also be severe, with some people describing the pain as feeling sharp or electric.
What Are The Different Types Of Surgery For Umbilical And Epigastric Hernias
The surgeons at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Hernia Program are highly experienced in the full range of surgeries for umbilical and epigastric hernias, including:
- Open hernia repair: This involves making an incision over the hernia site and pushing the bulging tissue or organ back in place. The surgeon then closes the hole with sutures or with a combination of sutures and plastic mesh.
- Laparoscopic hernia repair: This is a minimally invasive procedure in which small incisions, a tiny video camera, special surgical tools and a piece of plastic mesh are used to repair the hernia.
- Robotic hernia repair: This procedure is similar to laparoscopic repair. In this case, however, your surgeon uses robot-assisted technology to guide the movements of the surgical tools precisely.
As part of their role at a major academic medical center, our surgeons keep up-to-date on and incorporate into their practice the latest advancements in hernia surgery. In some instances, our surgeons are performing research that guides hernia care across the country and the world.
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How Is A Hernia Diagnosed
It is usually possible to see or feel a bulge in the area where a hernia has occurred by physical exam. As part of a maleâs typical physical exam for inguinal hernias, the doctor feels the area around the testicles and groin while the patient is asked to cough. In some cases, soft-tissue imaging like a CT scan will accurately diagnose the condition.
Hernia Pain And Potential Complications
If you have a hernia, you know the pain and discomfort. The look of a hernia can also be disquieting. But you dont have to live with it, and you can enjoy life again.
The symptoms that lead most people to the doctor, and eventually a hernia diagnosis, typically include pain in the abdomen, particularly in the groin area. The pain tends to get worse if you sneeze, cough, lift something heavy or strain.
But different types of hernia can cause other symptoms. For example, the most common kind of hernia is inguinal, which happens when your intestine bulges through a weak spot in the muscle that usually holds it all in.
Symptoms of inguinal hernia include:
- a bulge that can ache or burn in the area that hurts if you push on the bulge while laying down, you can usually make it go away
- bending over, coughing and lifting cause pain in the area
- your abdomen can feel heavy and weak or you can even feel pressure
- you might also experience nausea
- men might also feel pain or swelling in the testicles
Generally, hernias arent life threatening, but you can develop serious complications. If you notice any of the following symptoms, you should speak with your medical provider right away:
- sudden pain that gets worse quickly
- nausea and vomiting
- discoloration of your hernia bulge, especially red, purple or a general darkening
- constipation or the inability to pass gas
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What Are The Different Types Of Abdominal Hernias
Hernias of the abdominal and pelvic floor
- Inguinal hernias are the most common of the abdominal hernias. The inguinal canal is an opening that allows the spermatic cord and testicle to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum as the fetus develops and matures. After the testicle descends, the opening is supposed to close tightly, but sometimes the muscles that attach to the pelvis leave a weakened area. If later in life there is a stress placed on that area, the weakened tissues can allow a portion of small bowel or omentum to slide through that opening, causing pain and producing a bulge. Inguinal hernias are less likely to occur in women because there is no need for an opening in the inguinal canal to allow for the migration and descent of testicles.
- A femoral hernia may occur through the opening in the floor of the abdomen where there is space for the femoral artery and vein to pass from the abdomen into the upper leg. Because of their wider bone structure, femoral hernias tend to occur more frequently in women.
- Obturator hernias are the least common hernia of the pelvic floor. These are mostly found in women who have had multiple pregnancies or who have lost significant weight. The hernia occurs through the obturator canal, another connection of the abdominal cavity to the leg, and contains the obturator artery, vein, and nerve.
Hernias of the anterior abdominal wall
Hernias of the diaphragm
Risks Involved In Undergoing Umbilical Hernia Repair/surgery
- Recurrence: There are some chances of recurrence of umbilical hernia post-treatment. Obesity and smoking increase the chances of recurrence. Recurrence of hernia is more common in old age people.
- Seroma: This is the condition in which seroma i.e. yellow or clear fluid gets collected on the operated hernia site. A sterile needle is used to remove seroma.
- Hematoma: Blood gets collected on the wound site or scrotum. This condition mostly gets resolved on its own or can be treated with medication.Wound Infection
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Can Umbilical Hernia Cause Digestive Problems
If the trapped portion of intestine is completely cut off from the blood supply, it can lead to tissue death. Infection may spread throughout the abdominal cavity, causing a life-threatening situation. Adults with umbilical hernias are somewhat more likely to experience a blockage of the intestines.
When To See A Doctor
There may come a time when you need to get medical attention for your hernia. Usually its when youve gotten to the point where you cant tolerate the pain any longer, or its preventing you from being able to carry out your normal activities of daily living.
Depending on the type of hernia, a doctor might suggest starting with a nonsurgical treatment. For example, you might be able to manage the pain of a herniated disc with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug . But its possible that down the road, you might need surgery.
If you develop any of these symptoms, dont wait to make an appointment. Go to an emergency room if you experience:
- severe or worsening pain
- trouble having a bowel movement
- urinary incontinence or retention
In some cases, you might do just fine with pain-relieving medications and the passage of time. In other cases, a doctor may suggest a surgical repair to fix the problem and hopefully free you from pain in the future.
If you have an abdominal hernia, you may indeed need surgical repair.
If you have a herniated disc, your doctor might start with a conservative approach first by recommending pain relieving medications, along with physical therapy.
The nonsurgical approach works to improve the pain and other symptoms for the vast majority of people with herniated discsabout 9 out of 10 times, according to the AANS.
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What Is The Anatomy Of The Lower Back
To recognize numerous root causes of lower pain in the back, it is essential to value the regular design of the tissues of this area of the body. Essential structures of the lower back that can be related to signs and symptoms in this area include the bony lumbar spine , discs in between the vertebrae, tendons around the spinal column and also discs, spinal cord and also nerves, muscle mass of the lower back, interior organs of the hips as well as abdomen, as well as the skin covering the back location. Can Umbilical Hernia Cause Lower Back Pain
The bony lumbar back is made to make sure that vertebrae piled together can offer a movable support framework while likewise securing the spinal cord from injury. The spine is made up of anxious tissue that extends down the spinal column from the brain. Can Umbilical Hernia Cause Lower Back Pain
Each vertebra has a spinous process, a bony prominence behind the spine, which shields the cords anxious cells from impact injury. Vertebrae also have a strong bony body before the spine to supply a platform appropriate for weight bearing of all cells over the butts. The back vertebrae pile instantly atop the sacrum bone that is located in between the butts.On each side, the sacrum fulfills the iliac bone of the hips to form the sacroiliac joints of the butts.